DOI: 10.17151/rlee.2021.17.1.7
Cómo citar
Velásquez Jaramillo M. (2021). Desarrollo de las habilidades de escucha y habla en aprendices principiantes de inglés como lengua extranjera mediante el entrenamiento explícito de Estrategias Metacognitivas. Latinoamericana de Estudios Educativos, 17(1), 120-141. https://doi.org/10.17151/rlee.2021.17.1.7

Autores/as

Mercedes Velásquez Jaramillo
Institución Educativa Rosa Lía Mafla
merce633@yahoo.com.ar
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3339-4291
Perfil Google Scholar

Resumen

Los estudiantes de lenguas extranjeras de cualquier nivel de escolaridad deben ser agentes activos en su aprendizaje y desarrollar su competencia estratégica para ser 
aprendices y hablantes competentes del idioma que aprenden, en este caso, inglés. Éste estudio investigó el efecto del entrenamiento de Estrategias Metacognitivas para planear, monitorear y evaluar en la habilidad oral y auditiva de un grupo de 42 estudiantes de nivel principiante de un colegio público quienes recibieron un ciclo de seis talleres de entrenamiento explícito de dichas estrategias, siguiendo las fases del enfoque CALLA (preparación, presentación, práctica, evaluación y expansión). Los resultados evidenciaron que dichas estrategias impactaron positivamente las habilidades de escucha y producción oral, favoreciendo el aprendizaje de nuevo vocabulario, mejorando las actitudes hacia las habilidades de habla y escucha, así como los sentimientos de éxito en el aprendizaje. Lo anterior implica que la instrucción directa de Estrategias Metacognitivas debe ser incorporada a las clases regulares de inglés para ayudar a los estudiantes a ser más auto-regulados.

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