DOI: 10.17151/difil.2023.24.42.2
Cómo citar
Kallova, N. (2023). Debate sobre las finalidades de la educación: Hacia unas finalidades educativas humanistas y lo que podemos aprender de las finalidades originales de la escolarización obligatoria. Discusiones Filosóficas, 24(42), 15–30.


Nikola Kallova
Institute for research in social communication. Slovak academy of sciences


¿Debemos aprender del pasado en lo que respecta a los objetivos de la escolarización? Uno se ve obligado a posicionarse sobre la cuestión de los objetivos de la educación y sobre si la orientación de las prácticas educativas actuales debería basarse en los objetivos originales de la escolarización. Este artículo aborda los objetivos de la introducción de la escolarización obligatoria en dos contextos: Prusia y Estados Unidos. A continuación, compara estos contextos con los objetivos actuales de la escolarización tal y como los conciben los humanistas que se oponen críticamente a los enfoques educativos más recientes, así como a los clásicos. El artículo presenta las soluciones normativas de los autores humanistas, basadas sobre todo en el legado de
Nel Noddings, así como ejemplos y “antiejemplos” en un contexto histórico. En última instancia, el artículo reabre un debate descuidado pero necesario sobre los objetivos de la educación al llegar a conclusiones sobre qué tipo de inspiración puede extraerse de los objetivos históricos de la escolarización obligatoria.

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