DOI: 10.17151/hpsal.2022.27.2.9
Cómo citar
1.
Carreño Moreno S, Chaparro Díaz L, Pardo Mora Y. Temor, estrés, conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas ante la COVID-19 en cuidadores familiares de pacientes crónicos. Hacia Promoc. Salud [Internet]. 1 de julio de 2022 [citado 5 de octubre de 2022];27(2):118-29. Disponible en: https://revistasojs.ucaldas.edu.co/index.php/hacialapromociondelasalud/article/view/7386

Autores/as

Sonia Carreño Moreno
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
spcarrenom@unal.edu.co
Perfil Google Scholar
Lorena Chaparro Díaz
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
olchaparrod@unal.edu.co
Perfil Google Scholar
Yaira Pardo Mora
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
yypardom@unal.edu.co
Perfil Google Scholar

Resumen

La pandemia por COVID-19 ha tenido un impacto sobredimensionado en Colombia en términos de incidencia y mortalidad. Cuidadores familiares de personas con enfermedad crónica asumen el cuidado a largo plazo en el entorno domiciliario en medio del colapso hospitalario. Objetivo: describir, correlacionar e identificar variables predictoras de los conocimientos, actitudes, prácticas, estrés y temor ante la COVID-19 en cuidadores familiares de personas con enfermedad crónica. Metodología: se realizó un estudio trasversal predictivo con 104 cuidadores familiares de personas con enfermedad crónica en Bogotá, Colombia. En el que los instrumentos de caracterización, temor, estrés, conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas ante el COVID-19 fueron aplicados en línea en el segundo semestre de 2020. Resultados: se observó una media de 23.07 (DE=7.2) en temor, 93.18 (DE=31.6) en estrés, 10.1 (DE=1.9) en conocimientos, 1.34 (DE=0.8) en actitudes y 1.89 (DE=0.3), lo que muestra que, aunque los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas tienen niveles altos, se observan altos niveles de estrés y temor ante el COVID-19. Hay una relación directa entre el temor y estrés ante el COVID-19, con peores puntajes en mujeres y personas con bajo nivel de conocimiento. Conclusión: se requiere capacitación y apoyo sostenido a los cuidadores familiares, quienes, en medio del temor y estrés ante el COVID-19, continúan sosteniendo el cuidado a largo plazo de enfermos crónicos en el entorno domiciliario. 

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