DOI: 10.17151/bccm.2022.26.1.1
Cómo citar
Ospina Bautista F., López Bedoya P. A., Estévez J. V., Martínez Torres D., & Galvis Jiménez S. (2022). La estrategia de restauración define la riqueza de Miriápodos (Arthropoda: Myriapoda) de la hojarasca en un área protegida. Boletín Científico. Centro de Museos, 26(1), 13-23. https://doi.org/10.17151/bccm.2022.26.1.1

Autores/as

Fabiola Ospina Bautista
Universidad de Caldas
Fabiola.Ospina@ucaldas.edu.co
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Pablo A. López Bedoya
Universidad de Caldas
pablo.lobe19@gmail.com
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Jaime Vicente Estévez
Universidad de Caldas
Jaime.estevez@ucaldas.edu.co
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Daniela Martínez Torres
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
sdmartinezt@unal.edu.co
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Sebastián Galvis Jiménez
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
sgalvisjimenez@gmail.com
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Resumen

Objetivo: Determinar la comunidad de miriápodos asociada a la hojarasca en dos estrategias de restauración de un área protegida de Colombia, un bosque secundario y una plantación de aliso. Alcance: El conocimiento de la biodiversidad asociada con la descomposición de la hojarasca en un ecosistema restaurado podría contribuir a evaluar la eficiencia y el éxito de la restauración. Dentro de esta biodiversidad, los miriápodos influyen en la dinámica de la materia orgánica al transformar la hojarasca reduciendo la superficie de descomposición y afectando a las comunidades de organismos asociados a la descomposición. Metodología: Diseñamos un experimento de translocación utilizando hojarasca de Alnus acuminata Kunth y Hedyosmum 
bonplandianum Kunth, las especies más abundantes en cada estrategia de restauración que se puso en marcha desde los años 60 en la Reserva natural Río Blanco y Quebrada Olivares, Manizales, Colombia. Medimos la riqueza y abundancia de miriápodos después de dos y cuatro meses de descomposición de la hojarasca. Principales resultados: Las clases Diplododa, Chilopoda y Symphyla colonizaron la hojarasca de A. acuminata y H. bonplandianum en ambas estrategias de restauración. La estrategia de restauración afecto la riqueza, abundancia y composición de miriápodos. La riqueza y abundancia de miriápodos fue mayor en la plantación de aliso, los milpiés mostraron la mayor abundancia. La composición de miriápodos difirió entre las especies de hojarasca. La composición vegetal de cada estrategia de restauración podría generar diferencias en la calidad de la hojarasca y, en consecuencia, en los recursos disponibles para la colonización de la comunidad de miriápodos, lo que contribuye directa e indirectamente al proceso de descomposición en las estrategias de restauración.

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